Birds eye view of a track starting line up
Young female fan high-fiving a female racer
Young female fan high-fiving a female racer


Useful existing research on women in motorsport, women in sport and other areas where mixed gender challenges are explored.

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Women in Sport – Historical

Bell, Richard C. (2008) ‘A History of Women in Sport Prior to Title IX’ in Sports Management, Women and Sports, (24). Available at:

Delsahut, Fabrice. And Terret, Thierry. (2014) ‘First Nations Women, Games, and Sport in Pre- and Post-Colonial North America’ in Women’s History Review, 23(6), pp. 976-995. DOI:


Women in Sport – Formal Research

Altman Solon. (2022) ‘2022 Global Sports Survey’. [online] Altman Solon. Available at:

Arachtingi, Dorine. (2020) ‘Foster the Gender Equality in the context of horse-riding. An Olympic Value which reveals a path from domination to emancipation’. International Academic Journal on Olympic Studies, vol.4, pp. 60-74. Available at:

Deloitte. (2022) ‘How data can help drive sports sponsorship and fan engagement’. [online] Deloitte. Available at:

IOC. (2018) ‘IOC Gender Equality Review Project’. [online] International Olympic Committee. Available at:

IpsosMORI. (2021) ‘Exploring Sports Gender Equality in the Media’. [online] IpsosMORI. Available at:

Meier, Henk Erik., Konjer, Mara Verena., and Krieger, Jorg. (2021) ‘Women in International Elite Athletics: Gender (in)equality and National Participation’. [online] Frontiers in Sports and Active Living. Available at:

Nielsen Sports. (2022) ‘2022 Global Sports Marketing Report’. [online] Nielsen. Available at

PWC. (2021) ‘Sports Survey 2021’. [online] PWC. Available at

Sports Innovation Lab. (2022) ‘How Women’s Sports Will Lead the Sports Industry into the Future’. [online] The Fan Project. Available at:

Statistica Research Department. (2022) ‘Highest TV audience for women’s football events in the UK 2022’. [online] Statistica. Available at:

WomenInSport. (2021) ‘Gender Stereotypes’. [online] WomenInSport. Available at:


Women in Business

FTSE. (2022) ‘FTSE Women Leaders Review: Achieving Gender Balance’. [online] FTSE. Available at:

HM Treasury. (2019) ‘The Alison Rose Review of Female Entrepreneurship’. [online] UK Government. Available at:

McKinsey Report. (2022) ‘Women in the Workplace’. [online] McKinsey & Company. Available at:

Women in business 2021: A window of opportunity. (2021). [online] Grant Thornton. Available at:

Women, Business and Law Report. (2022) ‘Nearly 2.4 Billion Women Globally Don’t Have Same Economic Rights as Men’. [online] World Bank. Available at:


Women in Motorsport

Backman, Jessica., and Mella, Carolina. (2020) ‘Sponsorship for Women in Motorsport: A Study about which Criteria that Attracts Companies to Sponsor Women in Motorsport’. Business and Economics open masters Dissertation, pp. 1-40. Available at:

FIA. (2022) ‘Women through the Decades: Overview of the achievements of some great women in the sport’. [online] FIA. Available at,few%20appearances%20behind%20the%20wheel.

Formula 1. (2022) ‘2022 Sustainability and Diversity and Inclusion Progress Report’. [online] Formula 1. Available at:

Howe, Olivia R. (2022) ‘Hitting the barriers – Women in Formula 1 and W series racing’. European Journal of Women’s Studies, 29(3), pp.454-469. Available at:

Kochanek, Jill., Davis, Megan., Erickson, Karl., and Ferguson, David. (2021) ‘More than “just a driver”: A study of professional women racecar drivers’ agency in motorsport’. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, vol.52. Available at:

Key links

Useful existing research on women in motorsport, women in sport and other areas where mixed gender challenges are explored

Michigan State research on female drivers

University of Chichester on women in motorsport’What_on_Earth_are_They_Doing_in_a_Racing_Car’_Towards_an_Understanding_of_Women_in_Motorsport

Comparative study Women’s G tolerance

Biomedical Research on Health and Performance of Military Women

Women’s Service in the Israel Defence Forces research

Nasa research into women’s health in space

National Academy of Sciences research on men and women in space

Changing attitudes towards female athletes,  Sport Journal

Canadian study on women, sport and physicality

University of Carolina research on women in sport

UN Women: women and girls in sport

Athlete assessment research

Women and the Army Combat Fitness

Research by the US Army on women in military

International Journal of Public Health Effects of Mixed-Gender Competition

University of Toronto research on the experiences of girl athletes playing on boys’ sports teams during adolescence

Journal of Sports Economics:  Gender and Jockey Success on the Thoroughbred Racetrack

University of Liverpool: Female jockeys, what are the odds?

Altman Solon Survey into the changing commercial landscape in sport

Sports Innovation Lab Project on how Women’s Sports will lead the future